My herbstluftwm configuration

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herbstluftwm configuration :linux:herbstluftwm:wm:tile:en:config:

CREATED: <2011-12-25>

UPDATED: <2017-11-02 Thu>

It's the best manual tile window manager I've used.

The default configuration is fine in most cases.

I added rules to make some firefox addons usable at my tiny netbook.

Here is my modified $HOME/.config/herbstluftwm/autostart:

#!/bin/bash

# this is a simple config for herbstluftwm

function hc() {
    herbstclient "$@"
}

hc emit_hook reload

xsetroot -solid '#000000'
#feh --bg-scale /home/cb/.config/herbstluftwm/wallpaper.jpg


# keybindings
Mod=Mod4
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-q quit
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-r reload
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-c close
hc keybind $Mod-Return spawn terminator
hc keybind $Mod-x spawn dmenu_run
hc keybind $Mod-q spawn scrot -e 'mkdir -p ~/screenshot;mv $f ~/screenshot/'

# tags
TAG_NAMES=( {1..4} )
TAG_KEYS=( {1..4} 0 )

hc rename default "${TAG_NAMES[0]}" || true
for i in ${!TAG_NAMES[@]} ; do
    hc add "${TAG_NAMES[$i]}"
    key="${TAG_KEYS[$i]}"
    if ! [ -z "$key" ] ; then
        hc keybind "$Mod-$key" use "${TAG_NAMES[$i]}"
        hc keybind "$Mod-Shift-$key" move "${TAG_NAMES[$i]}"
    fi
done

# layouting
hc keybind $Mod-r remove
hc keybind $Mod-space cycle_layout 1
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-s split vertical 0.5
hc keybind $Mod-s split horizontal 0.5
hc keybind $Mod-o floating toggle
hc keybind $Mod-f fullscreen toggle
hc keybind $Mod-p pseudotile toggle

# resizing
RESIZESTEP=0.05
hc keybind $Mod-Control-h resize left +$RESIZESTEP
hc keybind $Mod-Control-j resize down +$RESIZESTEP
hc keybind $Mod-Control-k resize up +$RESIZESTEP
hc keybind $Mod-Control-l resize right +$RESIZESTEP

# mouse
hc mousebind $Mod-Button1 move
hc mousebind $Mod-Button2 resize
hc mousebind $Mod-Button3 zoom

# focus
hc keybind $Mod-BackSpace   cycle_monitor
hc keybind $Mod-Tab         cycle_all +1
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-Tab   cycle_all -1
hc keybind $Mod-c cycle
hc keybind $Mod-h focus left
hc keybind $Mod-j focus down
hc keybind $Mod-k focus up
hc keybind $Mod-l focus right
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-h shift left
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-j shift down
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-k shift up
hc keybind $Mod-Shift-l shift right

# colors
hc set frame_border_active_color '#49351D'
hc set frame_border_normal_color '#73532D'
hc set frame_bg_normal_color '#BD9768'
hc set frame_bg_active_color '#BD8541'
hc set frame_border_width 0
hc set window_border_width 0
hc set window_border_normal_color '#AE8451'
hc set window_border_active_color '#F6FF00'

# rules
hc unrule -F
#hc rule class=XTerm tag=3 # move all xterms to tag 3
hc rule focus=on # normally do not focus new clients
# give focus to most common terminals
hc rule class~'(.*[Rr]xvt.*|.*[Tt]erm|Konsole)' focus=on
hc rule windowtype~'_NET_WM_WINDOW_TYPE_(DIALOG|UTILITY|SPLASH)' pseudotile=on
hc rule windowtype='_NET_WM_WINDOW_TYPE_DIALOG' focus=on
hc rule windowtype~'_NET_WM_WINDOW_TYPE_(NOTIFICATION|DOCK)' manage=off
hc rule instance=xv class=MPlayer fullscreen=on
#firefox dialog should be fullscreen, useful for my tiny eeepc
hc rule instance="Dialog" class="Firefox" fullscreen=on #delicious bookmark
hc rule instance="Aup" class="Firefox" fullscreen=on #autoproxy
hc rule instance="Abp" class="Firefox" fullscreen=on #adblock plus
#view the image in fullscreen
#hc rule instance=feh class=feh fullscreen=on #feh has some bug

#autorun
hc spawn ~/.config/herbstluftwm/panel.sh
hc spawn parcellite -nd #use parcellite -p/-c to see the content

xprop is useful for writing "hc rule". Please man herbstclient.

panel.sh is from the official package. It will display a panel at the top of the screen.

Here is my $HOME/.config/herbstluftwm/panel.sh (modified for display batttery rate):

#!/bin/bash

monitor=${1:-0}
geometry=( $(herbstclient monitor_rect "$monitor") )
if [ -z "$geometry" ] ;then
    echo "Invalid monitor $monitor"
    exit 1
fi
# geometry has the format: WxH+X+Y
x=${geometry[0]}
y=${geometry[1]}
width=${geometry[2]}
height=16
font="-*-fixed-medium-*-*-*-12-*-*-*-*-*-*-*"
bgcolor='#3E2600'

function uniq_linebuffered() {
    awk '$0 != l { print ; l=$0 ; fflush(); }' "$@"
}

herbstclient pad $monitor $height
{
    # events:
    #mpc idleloop player &
    while true ; do
        date +'date ^fg(#efefef)%H:%M^fg(#909090), %Y-%m-^fg(#efefef)%d'
        sleep 1 || break
    done > >(uniq_linebuffered)  &
    childpid=$!
    herbstclient --idle
    kill $childpid
} 2> /dev/null | {
    TAGS=( $(herbstclient tag_status $monitor) )
    date=""
    while true ; do
        bordercolor="#26221C"
        hintcolor="#573500"
        separator="^fg(#141414)^ro(1x$height)^fg()"
        # draw tags
        for i in "${TAGS[@]}" ; do
            case ${i:0:1} in
                '#')
                    echo -n "^bg(#9fbc00)^fg(#141414)"
                    ;;
                '+')
                    echo -n "^bg(#9CA668)^fg(#141414)"
                    ;;
                ':')
                    echo -n "^bg(#6A4100)^fg(#141414)"
                    ;;
                '!')
                    echo -n "^bg(#FF0675)^fg(#141414)"
                    ;;
                *)
                    echo -n "^bg()^fg()"
                    ;;
            esac
            echo -n "^ca(1,herbstclient focus_monitor $monitor && "'herbstclient use "'${i:1}'") '"${i:1} ^ca()"
            echo -n "$separator"
        done
        echo -n "^bg()^p(_CENTER)"
        # small adjustments
        battery=$(expr $(expr $(cat /sys/class/power_supply/BAT*/charge_now) \* 100) / $(cat /sys/class/power_supply/BAT*/charge_full))
        if [ "$battery" = "/" ] ;then
            right="$separator^bg($hintcolor) $date $separator"
        else
            right="$separator^bg($hintcolor) $battery% $date $separator"
        fi
        right_text_only=$(echo -n "$right"|sed 's.\^[^(]*([^)]*)..g')
        # get width of right aligned text.. and add some space..
        width=$(textwidth "$font" "$right_text_only  ")
        echo -n "^p(_RIGHT)^p(-$width)$right"
        echo
        # wait for next event
        read line || break
        cmd=( $line )
        # find out event origin
        case "${cmd[0]}" in
            tag*)
                #echo "reseting tags" >&2
                TAGS=( $(herbstclient tag_status $monitor) )
                ;;
            date)
                #echo "reseting date" >&2
                date="${cmd[@]:1}"
                ;;
            quit_panel)
                exit
                ;;
            reload)
                exit
                ;;
            #player)
            #    ;;
        esac
        done
} 2> /dev/null | dzen2 -w $width -x $x -y $y -fn "$font" -h $height \
    -ta l -bg "$bgcolor" -fg '#efefef'

UPDATE: I use https://i3wm.org/ now

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